“Sandalphon (“co-brother’) was originally the prophet Elias (Elijah). In rabbinic lore, Sandalphon is one of the
great sarim (angelic princes), twin brother of
Metatron, master (hazzan) of heavenly song.
Exceeding Hadraniel in height by a 500-year foot
journey, he is regarded as one of the tallest
hierarchs in the celestial realms – Moses, sighting
him in the 3rd Heaven, called him “the tall angel.”
Talmud Hagiga 13b says his head reaches Heaven
(which was said also of Israfel and of the Greek
In Mathers edition of “The Greater Key of
Solomon”, Sandalphon is designated “the left-hand
feminine cherub of the ark.”
In the liturgy for the
Feast of Tabernacles, he is credited with gathering
the prayers of the faithful, making a garland of
such prayers, and then “adjuring them to ascend as
an orb to the supreme King of Kings.”
In 3 Enoch,
Sandalphon is described as ruler of the 6th Heaven
(makon) but, in The Zohar (Exodus 202b), he is
“chief of the 7th Heaven.”
According to Islamic
lore, he dwells in the 4th Heaven. As is reported
of Michael, he carries on ceaseless combat with
the apparently indestructible Samael (Satan),
prince of evil.
The ancient sages identified Sandalphon
with Ophan (q.v.). He is said also, by cabalists, to
be instrumental in bringing about the differentiation of sex in the embryo.”
– From “A Dictionary of Angels, Including the Fallen Angels” by Gustav Davidson (1967).
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